OPTIFEL partners have developed a specification to food industry, based on the project findings and including information about product development for the elderly. These guidelines include 3 sections: Nutritional guidelines, Functional guidelines and Guidelines for Packaging.
Une version en français est également disponible : Guidelines Optifel – FR – VF
An increasing number of foods sold in the EU bear nutrition and health claims. A nutrition claim states or suggests that a food has beneficial nutritional properties, such as “low fat”, “no added sugar” and “high in fibre”. A health claim is any statement on labels, advertising or other marketing products that health benefits can result from consuming a given food, for instance that a food can help reinforce the body’s natural defenses or enhance learning ability.
The voluntary inclusion of nutrition or health claims on food labels should be in accordance with the Regulation (EC) N°1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods.
Claim “source of nutrient X” can be made, when the product contains nutrient X at least 15 % of the daily reference intake and claim “rich in, nutrient X”, when the product contains at least 30 % of the daily reference intake.
Daily reference intakes for vitamins and minerals (adults):
|Vitamin A (ug)||800||Chloride (mg)||800|
|Vitamin D (ug)||5||Calcium (mg)||800|
|Vitamin E (ug)||12||Phosphorus (mg)||700|
|Vitamin K (ug)||75||Magnesium (mg)||375|
|Vitamin C (ug)||80||Iron (mg)||14|
|Thiamin (mg)||1,1||Zinc (mg)||10|
|Riboflavin (mg)||1,4||Copper (mg)||1|
|Niacin (mg)||16||Manganese (mg)||2|
|Vitamin B6 (mg)||1,4||Fluoride (mg)||3,5|
|Folic acid (ug)||200||Selenium (ug)||55|
|Vitamin B12 (ug)||2,5||Chromium (ug)||40|
|Biotin (ug)||50||Molybdenum (ug)||50|
|Panthotenic acid (mg)||6||Iodine (ug)||150|
The permissible chemical compounds for fortifications are regulated by the regulation (EC) N°1925/2006, amended by the regulation (EC) N°1170/2009 as regards the lists of vitamin and minerals and their forms that can be added to foods, including food supplements.
Tolerable upper intake level (UL) is the maximum level of total chronic daily intake of a nutrient (from all sources) judged to be unlikely to pose a risk of adverse health effects to humans. ‘Tolerable intake’ in this context connotes what is physiologically tolerable and is a scientific judgement as determined by assessment of risk, i.e. the probability of an adverse effect occurring at some specified level of exposure. ULs may be derived for various lifestage groups in the population.
To note: In addition to EU regulations, European countries may have their own regulations and guidelines, and the rules of fortification vary even more internationally, especially this is true for nutraceuticals. Thus, the industry and trade are obligated to follow local legislation concerning nutritional content and proper labelling of the foods.